Sample Definition of Terms

Definition of Terms

            Terms here are conceptually and operationally defined for better understanding of the readers.

Cable - is used to connect and transfer data between computers and a network.
Client - model provides a convenient way to interconnect programs that are distributed efficiently across different locations.
Information Technology - It defines an industry that uses computers, networking, software programming, and other equipment and processes to store, process, retrieve, transmit, and protect information.
LAN - local area network (LAN) consists of two or more computers connected together in a building or home using software and hardware. A LAN is contrasted to a wide area network (WAN) such as the Internet, which covers a large geographic area.
Network - Is a collection of computers and devices interconnected by communications channels that facilitate communications among users and allows users to share resources.
Network Architecture - is the logical and structural layout of the network consisting of transmission equipment, software and communication protocols and infrastructure (wired or wireless) transmission of data and connectivity between components.
Network Operating System - Is designed for network use. Normally, it is a complete operating system with file, task and job management; however, with some earlier products, it was a separate component that ran under the OS; for example, LAN Server required OS/2, and LANtastic required DOS.
Router - is a device in computer networking that forwards data packets to their destinations, based on their addresses. The latter is simply a device to connect machines to form a LAN.
Server - A computer, or a software package, that provides a specific kind of service to client software running on other computers.
Topology - The shape of a local-area network (LAN) or other communications system. Topologies are either physical or logical. Whether bus topology, ring topology, star topology or mesh topology